MENNONITES, ANABAPTISTS, BAPTISTS
One of many Protestant Christians like for example Quakers, Methodists,
Baptists, Huguenots(French Protestants). They separated from Roman Catholic
Church in XVI and XVII century. The chief leaders of Mennonites
were the following priests: in Holland (1536) - Menno Simons - a preacher
in Witmarsum (Friesian) who is not the founder of Mennonite Church, Obbe and Dirk Philips; in Germany (1527) - Pilgram Marpeck, Thomas Muenzer; in Switzerland (1525) - Konrad
Grebel, Juergen Blaurock, Felix Manz. The Mennonites were involved
in anabaptism. It was religious movement which emerged from Reformation and was opposed to money based and institutionalized Christianity such as: Roman Catholic Church and non-radical reformation. The Bible is the source of Mennonites inspiration. They refuse to rule. The politics is the root of all evil. They reject military service to keep peace all over the world. Mennonites accept only two sacraments: baptism of adults and The Eucharist. Jesus Christ, like for other Protestants (Calvinists, Lutherans) is ultimate personality, and Absolute Divinity. The Easter is great celebration. The Cross is the most important spiritual symbol.The Mennonite Church was set up in XVI century by few heretics (Menno Simons was not a founder) who during Reformation
like other ex - priests e.g. Martin Luther abandoned Roman Catholic Church
to create a new religious branch. Martin Luther was the most famous church
reformer. However Menno Simons(Dutch reformer), Ulrich Zwingli(Swiss reformer)and
John Calvin were also great individuals who longed for reforming
Roman Catholic Church.
Many Mennonites and other Anabaptists as well as Baptists, Methodists and Quakers left The Old Continent. Most of them emigrated to the USA. Some Mennonites settled down in other parts of the world: Paraguay (South America), Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine (Crimea). In the U.S. Mennonites established GERMANTOWN. Since 1863 it has been the bustling with activity centre of entire Mennonite Church. According to their doctrine a human being should live in accordance with strict moral standards. Their hardline rules are not easy to practice. Mennonites do not accept divorce, homosexuality, incest, abortion (every human life is divine and sacred), drug and substance abuse, crime, fashion, violence and war,lust for money and sex. They think that parents are very important to us and should be cared for.
We do not know too much about Mennonites who found themselves in Poland. Some of them arrived in Polish Pommern escaping from Holland in XVI-XVII century. After 1945 they emigrated, mainly to the USA.In Poland there are no members of Mennonite Church now. However there are the chapel and the name of the street (ulica Mennonitów) in Danzig (Gdansk).Nowadays mennonites have no governing body and hierarchy. They constitute like other Protestants the set of independent, small communities called congregations.
The common label employed for the members of Protestant sects
in XVI century who ignored the infant's baptism and practiced
baptism of adults. The first Anabaptist bunches appeared in 1525 in Switzerland.
The founder of anabaptist movement in Germany was Thomas Muenzer - a preacher
in Zwickau. Anabaptists rebelled against any institutional form of Reformation (for example represented by Calvin, Luther or Zwingli) and The Catholic Church. This fact caused their persecution in Western Europe. Anabaptists were also regarded as one of the branches of "THE SECOND REFORMATION" or "RADICAL AND SPIRITUAL REFORMATION". The pejorative name "Anabaptists" referred to their negative attitude towards infant's baptism. Anabaptist approval of adult's baptism could have stemmed from the fact that Jesus Christ was baptized by Saint John as he was grown-up and
strongly believing person (see the picture - Baptism of Jesus Christ).
The other reason was the fact that unlike infant's baptism, only baptism of adults was biblical.The Scripture contained many descriptions of adults who became Christians and were baptized in the biblical river "Jordan".
So their doctrine stated that individual should be baptized only when he
or she is old enough to understand what he or she is doing. Anabaptists spread leftist heresy those times. Supporting anarchy, the idea of small communities, the bunches of people helping each other, they tried to fight with poverty and helped the weak and the neglected. Anabaptists represented a garden variety of social backgrounds.Some were Jews, others could have been just religious nonconformists or anti-conformists.Some were just peasants, others represented noble families. Some blue blooded persons who were involved in anabaptism could have even lost their nobility titles and good reputation.
The popularity of this movement among lower social classes (peasants) brought about the uprising which took place in 1535, in Muenster (John from Leida). The famous leader of German peasants revolt was Thomas Muenzer (a priest-preacher in Zwickau).It was brutally suppressed by the Church Officials. Many Anabaptists were imprisoned, the social spirit and sense of justice were abused. Anabaptists were simply dubbed "heretics" and "devils" and their lives were in danger.Moreover Anabaptist doctrine was rejected by other churches both Catholic and Protestant. It was believed that it had been totally false.
The Protestant branch which occurred in England at the beginning
of XVII century. The founders of Baptist Church might have been inspired by Anabaptist
and Mennonite ideology. However unlike Mennonites Baptists have a positive
view on the State and military service. Baptists accept only baptism of
adults (it happens by immersion as it used to be in the biblical river "Jordan") and The Bible(The Scripture) as the only source of Christian
tradition, faith and moral standards. They approve of total separation between
The State and The Church.Baptist Church as well as for example Jesuits play an Evangelist role by missions to the distant areas of our world. In the USA most Protestants
THIS IS SMASHING
SITE ABOUT ANABAPTISTS
ANABAPTIST MOVEMENT HISTORY SITE
COOL SITE ABOUT ANABAPTISTS/MENNONITES IN USA
THIS IS ANOTHER SITE CONCERNING ANABAPTISTS
GROUPS OF BELIEVERS CALLED "BRETHREN" SITE